The sheet of paper, a
photocopy, is folded and faded. The original meant the
difference between life and death for those fortunate to
have their names on it more than 50 years ago. Schindler's
Anna Duklauer Perl was one of them. One column of
numbers and names, No. 76235, Anna Duklauer,
Metallarbeiterin or metalworker it says in German next to
Long before Steven Spielberg ever heard of him and decided
to make his movie, Oscar Schindler's name was kept nearly
as close to Anna Duklauer Perl's heart as the names of her
own children and grandchildren. For almost five decades,
she never said much about the horrors of Holocaust or the
salvation of becoming one of Schindler's Jews. Neither to
her family nor her friends.
She kept it inside. She didn't want her family to go
through it, too. She later said: "I just told them
that, without a man named Oscar Schindler, I wouldn't be
here." But she didn't tell them the whole story until
Spielberg's movie was made.
In 1942 Anna, barely 20 years old, was sent to the forced
labor camp of Plaszow. Here the conditions of life were
made dreadful by the SS Commandant Amon Goeth. She didn't
think she would survive very long, she was beaten
regularly and her life was almost unbearable.
Then one day in the laundry, in the spring of 1943, she
was approached by a small Jewish man who told her he
needed women to work in the factory. Oscar Schindler's
factory. "I don't know why I was chosen that
day," she later said, "It's a question I've
asked myself hundreds and hundreds of times. Why me ? Why
was I chosen to live ?"
At first, Anna did not want to go and leave her sister
Erna. "But she begged me. `Go. With Schindler, there
is life. You must go`", Anna later said.
At Schindler's enamelware factory DEF Anna worked 12 hours
a day, alternating her time between making pots and pans
and working in the kitchen preparing meals. But she was
away from harassment and the killings. At Schindler's
factory, nobody was hit, nobody murdered, nobody sent to
Anna Duklauer worked at Schindler's factory until the
Liberation. "Schindler was a good man. You could tell
that ... Schindler and us grew together. And in the end,
he gave away all his money." Anna later said.
Over the years Anna heard bits of news about Oscar
Schindler from others on "The List". Unloved and
unrecognized at home, he reached for the bottle. He had
become an alcoholic during the war and struggled to wean
himself off the habit. "He was like in the
movie", Anne said, "Very handsome. A ladies'
man. And he had this huge ring. We used to say you could
see him coming from the light of his ring."
She didn't remember the exact day, but it was sometime in
1974 when she heard that Oscar Schindler had died. "I
think a little bit of us all died, too", she said,
"If it weren't for Oscar Schindler, we wouldn't be
Adolf Hitler, murderer of millions, master
of destruction and organized insanity,
was seized by an obsession with the Jews all
his life. The Nazi Führer had always been
straightforward about his plans - his dream
of a racially "pure" empire would tolerate
no Jews. He announced at many occasions the
"annihilation of the Jews" living in the
territory under his control.
In Hitler's mind, murdering millions of Jews
could only be accomplished under the
confusion of war - from the beginning he was
planning a war that would engulf Europe ..
[ Home ] [ KZ Plaszow ] [ Old Lamus ] [ Little Leyson ] [ The Factory ] [ Pfefferberg ] [ Anna Duklauer ] [ Helen Beck ] [ Janina ] [ Rena Ferber ] [ Other Stories ] [ Aftermath ] [ Schindler Links ] [ Bibliography ] [ Holocaust FAQ ] [ Graphic Photos ]